Premio Nobel per la pace 2015: al "Quartetto per il Dialogo Nazionale" (Tunisia)

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Premio Nobel per la pace 2015: al "Quartetto per il Dialogo Nazionale" (Tunisia)

Messaggio Da Erasmus il Sab Ott 10, 2015 9:49 pm

Già è un fatto insolito l'assegnazione del Nobel per la pace a qualcuno del Nord Africa.
Ma la cosa strana (alneno per me che non sona addentro alle cose tunisine) è che, prima di conoscere davvero i soggetti del Nobel per la pace di quest'anno, uno pensa ad un quartetto di 4 persone, magari attori invece che musicisti (o cantanti) , comunque quattro persone che si esibiscono insieme (e in campo artistico).
Invece questa volta no: non sono quattro persone ma quattro "organizzazioni" tunisine [che hanno contribuito alla transizione verso la democrazia della Tunisia dopo la Primavera Araba del 2011]. Precisamente:
a) Unione generale tunisina del lavoro (cioè: il sindacato dei lavoratori)
b) Confederazione dell'Industria, del Commercio e dell'Artigianato.
c) Laga tunisina per i diritti dell'uomo.
d) Ordine nazionale degli Avvocati di Tunisia.


Io ho ricevuto per e.mail (dalla solita mailing-list del MFE) il testo (in inglese) del "comunicato"  della Commissione Nobel  (che assegna i premi) relativo al Premio per la Pace
Lo trascrivo più sotto.
Prima segnalo che il mondo dei "media" è attualmente "inondato" da questa bella notizia e metto a conferma un apposito link di ricerca con Google:
–-> [URL=https://www.google.it/#q=%22Quaertetto+per+i+Dialogo+nazionale%22.+nobel+per+la+pace+2015]"Quartetto per il Dialogo Nazionale" (ricerca con Google)[/URL]


Ed ecco il "comunicato" (in inglese)
[Fonte:[url=%C2%A0] [/url]http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2015/press.html]

The Nobel Peace Prize 2015

National Dialogue Quartet 

The Nobel Peace Prize 2015 was awarded to National Dialogue Quartet 
"for its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic 
democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011".


The Nobel Peace Prize for 2015
The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided that the Nobel Peace Prize 
for 2015 is to be awarded to the Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet for 
its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in 
Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011. The Quartet was 
formed in the summer of 2013 when the democratization process was in 
danger of collapsing as a result of political assassinations and 
widespread social unrest. It established an alternative, peaceful 
political process at a time when the country was on the brink of civil 
war. It was thus instrumental in enabling Tunisia, in the space of a 
few years, to establish a constitutional system of government 
guaranteeing fundamental rights for the entire population, irrespective 
of gender, political conviction or religious belief. 

The National Dialogue Quartet has comprised four key organizations in 
Tunisian civil society: the Tunisian General Labour Union (UGTT, Union 
Générale Tunisienne du Travail), the Tunisian Confederation of 
Industry, Trade and Handicrafts (UTICA, Union Tunisienne de l’
Industrie, du Commerce et de l’Artisanat), the Tunisian Human Rights 
League (LTDH, La Ligue Tunisienne pour la Défense des Droits de l’
Homme), and the Tunisian Order of Lawyers (Ordre National des Avocats 
de Tunisie). These organizations represent different sectors and values 
in Tunisian society: working life and welfare, principles of the rule 
of law and human rights. On this basis, the Quartet exercised its role 
as a mediator and driving force to advance peaceful democratic 
development in Tunisia with great moral authority. The Nobel Peace 
Prize for 2015 is awarded to this Quartet, not to the four individual 
organizations as such. 

The Arab Spring originated in Tunisia in 2010-2011, but quickly spread 
to a number of countries in North Africa and the Middle East. In many 
of these countries, the struggle for democracy and fundamental rights 
has come to a standstill or suffered setbacks. Tunisia, however, has 
seen a democratic transition based on a vibrant civil society with 
demands for respect for basic human rights. 

An essential factor for the culmination of the revolution in Tunisia in 
peaceful, democratic elections last autumn was the effort made by the 
Quartet to support the work of the constituent assembly and to secure 
approval of the constitutional process among the Tunisian population at 
large. The Quartet paved the way for a peaceful dialogue between the 
citizens, the political parties and the authorities and helped to find 
consensus-based solutions to a wide range of challenges across 
political and religious divides. The broad-based national dialogue that 
the Quartet succeeded in establishing countered the spread of violence 
in Tunisia and its function is therefore comparable to that of the 
peace congresses to which Alfred Nobel refers in his will. 

The course that events have taken in Tunisia since the fall of the 
authoritarian Ben Ali regime in January 2011 is unique and remarkable 
for several reasons. Firstly, it shows that Islamist and secular 
political movements can work together to achieve significant results in 
the country’s best interests. The example of Tunisia thus underscores 
the value of dialogue and a sense of national belonging in a region 
marked by conflict. Secondly, the transition in Tunisia shows that 
civil society institutions and organizations can play a crucial role in 
a country’s democratization, and that such a process, even under 
difficult circumstances, can lead to free elections and the peaceful 
transfer of power. The National Dialogue Quartet must be given much of 
the credit for this achievement and for ensuring that the benefits of 
the Jasmine Revolution have not been lost. 

Tunisia faces significant political, economic and security challenges. 
The Norwegian Nobel Committee hopes that this year’s prize will 
contribute towards safeguarding democracy in Tunisia and be an 
inspiration to all those who seek to promote peace and democracy in the 
Middle East, North Africa and the rest of the world. More than 
anything, the prize is intended as an encouragement to the Tunisian 
people, who despite major challenges have laid the groundwork for a 
national fraternity which the Committee hopes will serve as an example 
to be followed by other countries. 

Oslo, 10 October 2015

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Erasmus

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Data d'iscrizione : 30.07.13

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