E' morto Helmut Kohl, il cancelliere della riunificazione della Germania e della moneta unica europea

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E' morto Helmut Kohl, il cancelliere della riunificazione della Germania e della moneta unica europea

Messaggio Da Erasmus il Dom Giu 18, 2017 8:46 am

E' morto Helmut Kohl, il cancelliere della riunificazione della Germania e della moneta unica europea.
Aveva 87 anni.
Era invalido dal 2008 in seguito ad un ictus cerebrale. Da qualche anno faticava anche a parlare.

Trascrivo un articolo da "l'Avvenire" nel quale, a commemorare Helmut Kohl, è Elmar Brok, 16 anni più giovane di Kohl. Brok si dice grande amico di Kohl (da circa 40 anni).
Brok, che è stato ministro in governi presieduti da Kohl, è insigne anche come europeista. Eletto parlamentare europeo per la CDU tedesca parecchie volte, attualmente è il presidente del Gruppo dei "popolari" [PPE] al Parlamento Europeo.

––>"Addio a Kohl. Il dolore dell'amico Brok: senza Helmut un'altra storia" (Avvenire.it)
Addio a Kohl
Il dolore dell'amico Brok: senza Helmut un'altra storia

Vincenzo Savignano, venerdì 16 giugno 2017

Il leader della Cdu parla dell'ex cancelliere tedesco scomparso a 87 anni

Helmut Kohl, scomparso a 87 anni (Ansa)

«Senza di lui, la storia della Germania e dell’intera Europa sarebbe stata un’altra». Così Elmar Brok, 71 anni, con voce rotta dalla commozione, commenta ad Avvenire la scomparsa del gigante cristiano-democratico. «Gigante sotto ogni punto di vista, sovrastava tutti non solo per la sua altezza e fisicità ma anche per le sue capacità. Per me è stato un amico, un sostegno, un prezioso consigliere; ancora oggi a distanza di 20, trent’anni considero valide e determinati per la mia vita politica e personale le sue osservazioni, le sue intuizioni». Brok ha alle sue spalle una lunghissima carriera politica da Parlamentare europeo, oggi è capogruppo dei cristiano-democratici tedeschi (Cdu) al Parlamento Europeo e presidente della commissione per gli Affari esteri.

«Ho iniziato a lavorare a Bruxelles nel lontano 1980, quando l’Europa ancora non si chiamava Unione, quando ancora c’era il Muro di Berlino». Poi quel Muro cadde e soprattutto per volontà di Kohl si avviò la riunificazione delle due Germanie «e di conseguenza anche il processo di integrazione europea che ha portato l’Europa ad essere quella che è oggi». Secondo tanti rappresentanti della Cdu Helmut Kohl ebbe il coraggio di trasformare i sogni in realtà.

«I suoi sogni erano la riunificazione della Germania e l’irreversibilità definitiva del progetto europeo, oggi quei sogni sono realtà». La riunificazione tedesca, secondo storici e politologi, ebbe inizio ad un mese dalla caduta del Muro quando Kohl pronunciò quel celeberrimo discorso di fronte al Bundestag. Brok seguì quel discorso da Bruxelles: «Ricordo il timore di alcuni leader europei, e anche il timore di molti politici tedeschi: temevano che la riunificazione non si potesse fare senza spargimento di sangue e conseguenze tragiche. Anch’io restai in silenzio di fronte a quel discorso. Ma Helmut si assunse le sue responsabilità ed i rischi che quella responsabilità determinava e mi sono sempre chiesto come abbia fatto. Egli sentiva non solo, come tutti i tedeschi, la tragica ferita della divisione del suo Paese, ma sentiva che il rischio doveva essere affrontato. Ed ebbe ragione».

Kohl è stato il cancelliere più longevo nella storia della Repubblica federale tedesca, 16 anni a capo del governo di Berlino dal 1982 al 1998. «Ogni politico in particolare cristiano-democratico, quindi io compreso, che abbia vissuto quell’epoca politica deve qualcosa a Kohl – prosegue Brok –. Oggi la Cdu, a mio modo di vedere deve molto a quello che ha fatto e deciso Kohl». È chiaro il riferimento all’attuale cancelliera e leader incotrastata della Cdu, Angela Merkel: «Lo ha anche detto lei con grande sincerità e umiltà, gli devo la vita.

Angela Merkel fu una straordinaria intuizione di Kohl. Anche in questo caso alcuni l’accolsero con dubbi e scetticismo, ma il tempo e la storia hanno confermato ancora una volta che aveva ragione». Brok poi parla del suo ricordo personale, privato di Kohl: «Circa due mesi fa è stata l’ultima volta che ho parlato telefonicamente con lui. Un anno fa l’ho visto per l’ultima volta, a causa della sua malattia ormai comunicava con grande difficoltà. Ma in passato abbiamo trascorso tantissime giornate insieme. Un uomo semplice con pochi formalismi, pragmatico anche nel privato parlava poco ma quello che diceva non era mai a caso. Come tedesco, come europeo, come amico posso e potrò solo e sempre dirgli grazie».

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Re: E' morto Helmut Kohl, il cancelliere della riunificazione della Germania e della moneta unica europea

Messaggio Da Erasmus il Lun Lug 03, 2017 9:37 am

Discorso di Jean-Claude Juncker, presidente della Commissione Europea, tenuto sabato 1° luglio 2017 a Strasburgo (in Parlamento Europeo, ma rivolto non solo ai parlamentari ma ai numerosissimi personaggi là convenuti apposta per commemorare la scomparsa del grande statista tedesco ed europeo).

[NB. In rete sono reperibili le versioni nelle sole tre lingue Inglese, Tedesco e Francese. ]

Fonte ––> European Commission - PRESS RELEASES – Speech, 01.07.2017
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Speech by Commission President Juncker at the European Ceremony of Honour for former Chancellor of Germany Helmut Kohl and Honorary Citizen of Europe

Strasbourg, 1 July 2017

Mr President of the European Parliament,
Your Majesties,
Presidents,
Prime Ministers,
Excellencies,
Ladies and Gentlemen,
and, for many of you here in the hall, dear friends:

Today we are saying goodbye to the German and European Statesman, Helmut Kohl. And I am saying goodbye to a true friend who guided me with affection over the years and the decades. I am not speaking now as President of the Commission, but as a friend who became President of the Commission.

In Helmut Kohl, a giant of the post-war era leaves us; He made it into the history books even while he was still alive — and in those history books he will forever remain. He was someone who became the continental monument before which German and European wreaths are laid, and indeed must be laid. It was his wish to say goodbye here in Strasbourg, this Franco-German, European border city that was close to his heart. This wish had to be granted. Today's memorial service is not 'not-German', it is European, and thus it is also German. We begin this day in Strasbourg and conclude it this evening in Speyer, in Speyer cathedral, with which he had a life-long connection.

Helmut Kohl was a German patriot. But he was also a European patriot. He was someone who brought together and reconciled things and people. A German and European Patriot, because for him there was no contradiction between that which is German, and the European, that has to be. The French philosopher Blaise Pascal said that he liked things that go together: J'aime les choses qui vont ensemble. For Helmut Kohl, German and European unity went together. Two sides of the same coin, as he, and Adenauer before him, always used to say.

He made Adenauer's maxim his own. And he put it into practice again and again through his thoughts and actions.
There are many examples of this.

The fall of the Berlin Wall was greeted with joy throughout Europe and the world. But German reunification – in which he always uncompromisingly believed – encountered resistance in parts of Europe, and indeed sometimes outright rejection.

Helmet Kohl promoted German reunification in many patient conversations. He was able to do so successfully because his reputation, which had grown over many years, allowed him to give credible assurances that he was striving for a European Germany and not a German Europe. He wanted German reunification with all his might, and outside Germany he was able to convince others of the historically correct path.

He was able to seize the mantle of God as it drifted through history for a brief moment. Not everyone in Germany and sadly not everyone in Europe sensed this movement of the mantle of God immediately. But he did. He sensed that German unity was within reach. He rightly judged and used the opportunity. Others would have failed in this epoch-making task. You could sense that this was a man of vision.
Helmut Kohl, with the German in view and thinking ahead to the European, always also looked towards eastern and central Europe. Not only towards Poland, but particularly towards Poland. He was not responsible for the crimes of the Nazis in Poland. But he was very much conscious of the historical responsibility that weighed very heavily on Germany. Just like Willy Brandt, with whom he became very close at the end of Brandt's life. Helmut Kohl and Willy Brandt: Two great men of our times.

For Kohl, enlargement to the east and the centre of the continent without Poland was simply inconceivable. This should certainly not be forgotten.

Helmut Kohl was not only the architect of German unity. He contributed fundamentally — more than others — to reconciling European history and European geography.

He was one of those who brought an end to the separation of East and West decreed at Yalta. Eastern and central Europe – and southern Europe incidentally – have much to thank Helmut Kohl for. Today we have to remember that.

On top of that, he was able to develop relations with Israel with intelligence and passion. He was a great friend of Israel. He also directed his attention wisely towards relations with the former Soviet Union and present-day Russia. The historian and Chancellor knew about the breadth and depth of Russia. But at the same time he was a committed and active supporter of transatlantic relations. Following in the footsteps of Helmut Schmidt, he implemented the NATO twin-track decision, against the spirit of the times.

Maike, my friends, I am probably the only person in this room who saw Helmut Kohl cry during a meeting. It was on 13 December 1997. On that day, the European Council, under my chairmanship in Luxembourg, decided to enlarge the European Union to eastern and central Europe and to Cyprus and Malta. During lunch, Helmut Kohl asked for permission to speak — which was unusual, because he usually just took the floor. He asked to speak during lunch and said, choking back the tears, that that day, on which accession negotiations began, was one of the finest moments of his life. That he, as German Federal Chancellor, was able to witness that historic integration of Europe – after all the harm, as he said, that Germany had inflicted on Europe. Then he went quiet, internally at peace, and cried for many minutes. He was not the only one. No one was ashamed of their tears. Europe at its best!

He was also the main driving force, together with my friend, Theo Waigel, when it came to the euro. True: He understood how to represent German interests ferociously. He pushed through the independence of the European Central Bank, to be enshrined in the Treaty, in a friendly and then increasingly insistent way, against all resistance. He made it a condition of his agreement to the euro. Without Helmut Kohl there would be no euro. In his eyes, monetary union made European unification irreversible. For him, the euro was always European peace policy by other means.

And another thing that Helmut Kohl stood for: He respected all the Member States of the European Union equally. Large and above all smaller Member States felt that he understood them and with him they knew that their interests were in good hands.
One last thing. When negotiations were close to collapsing — as often happens in Europe — he led us on to the European path and did not let us get lost in our exclusively national side streets.
Mr President,
Lastly, Helmut Kohl was the man who continued the work of Franco-German reconciliation, ardently carrying on the work of de Gaulle and Adenauer. Although he did not speak French, he knew all about France, its history, its heartland, its regions, in particular Alsace, which he visited often and loved with all his heart. And he also knew by heart the establishments serving good Alsatian cuisine, of which there are many. History will preserve an image that says everything about Kohl and his intimate relationship with France. The day in Verdun when Helmut Kohl and Franςois Mitterrand held hands, they sealed the fraternal bond between France and Germany forever. The fact that we are saying goodbye to him here in Strasbourg, the seat of the European Parliament, of which he was a constant friend, a few hundred metres from the Rhine, is a dramatic, but also symbolic gesture of Europe. This beautiful city of Strasbourg, for him THE capital of Europe, as the seat of the parliament representing the peoples of Europe, is today honouring the memory of Helmut Kohl, the European.
Yes, Helmut was a German and a European patriot. For him, patriotism was never one patriotism versus another, but rather a patriotism experienced with others.

Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany and Europe pay tribute to the impressive life's work of Helmut Kohl. We do so in gratitude, indeed in awe. He has had an extremely full life. Some of the things that befell him, he will have forgotten by now. But many of them he will now still fondly recall. He knows – as we too know – that he made Europe a better place.

My dear Helmut,
I think you are now in heaven. We would rather you were here. Promise me that in heaven you will not immediately found a local branch of the CDU. You have done enough for your party, your country and for our common Europe.

Many thanks, Helmut. Merci, obrigado, спасибо, dank u wel, dziękuję, mille grazie, muchas gracias, thank you.
Rest in peace, Federal Chancellor and dear friend. After a rich and full life, your have earned your rest. Eternal rest.

___


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Re: E' morto Helmut Kohl, il cancelliere della riunificazione della Germania e della moneta unica europea

Messaggio Da Epoch il Lun Lug 03, 2017 9:56 am

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Re: E' morto Helmut Kohl, il cancelliere della riunificazione della Germania e della moneta unica europea

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